Cervical cancer occurs due to the abnormal growth of cells in the cervical region that have the ability to grow, form tumors and later on spread to other organs. There is an interesting fact that HeLa, the first immortalized cell line was developed from the cancerous cervical cells of a woman named Henrietta Lacks. Globally, it is the fourth most common cause of death in women.
Although it doesn’t shows much symptoms in the earlier stages, in the advanced stage due to the spread of cancer in lungs, heart and abdomen it shows certain symptoms like loss of hunger, fatigue, unexpected weight loss, pelvic, leg, back pain, swollen or puffed legs, pain during sexual intercourse, heavy vaginal bleeding even without intercourse, bone fractures, and sometimes leakage from vagina. Sometimes, bleeding after douching or a pelvic test also shows that a person has cervical cancer.
Although most women with HPV don’t have cervical cancer, it is one of the major risk factors. HPV accounts for more than ninety percent of the total cases of the cervical cancer. Smoking is one of the major risk factors for cervical cancer. Weak immune system due to HIV or organ transplantation increases the chance of getting infected by HPV so it also comes as a risk factor. Birth control pills, multiple sex partners and having sex since a very young age although accounts as risk factors, but they are not very important ones. Also having a full term pregnancy before the age of 17 is one of the typical causes.
HPV is a very common virus and is spread through skin-to-skin contact or sexual contact. Majority of people have been infected by HPV, but it often goes away on its own. But in some cases, the HPV infection is retained and continues to grow and spread leading to cancer. HPV also may cause cancer of anus, mouth, throat in both men and women.
Treatment of cervical cancer often is a mixture of surgery of the cervix, chemotherapy along with radiation therapy, targeted therapy. Surgery is often used in the advanced stages where chemotherapy will not be sufficient. The prognosis mainly depends on which stage the cervical cancer has reached- there are 5 stages of cervical cancer. The hospital must have a team consisting of a gynecologist, radiologist and oncologist for the prognosis and treatment of a cervical cancer. So while finding the best cervical cancer surgery in India you may also check the other available treatment choices and also the follow up options. The treatment should be conducted in a place where all the tests can be done and the place should be easily accessible from your residence.
There are some ways we can try to prevent cervical cancer. Human papilloma virus being the scariest risk factor, one should always get vaccinated against it. The HPV vaccine may prevent nearly ninety percent of cervical cancer. Someone with a family history of cervical or breast cancer should undergo frequent PAP tests. Such tests can detect precancerous changes. If cervical cancer is detected in an early stage then it can be easily cured. Also, using condoms during intercourse, avoiding birth control pills, not having intercourse or not having intercourse with multiple partners reduces the risk of cervical cancer.